“TODAY YOU SHALL BE WITH ME IN PARADISE”: AN EXEGETICAL STUDY OF LUKE 23:43

Authors

  • Zainal Sibagariang Sekolah Tinggi Filsafat Theologi S Nusantara

Abstract

Kalimat “hari ini kamu akan bersamaku di surga†(Gr. Αμήν σοι λέγω, σήμεÏον μετ᾽ á¼Î¼Î¿á¿¦ ἔσῃ á¼Î½ Ï„á¿· παÏαδείσῳ) dalam Lukas 23:43 telah menjadi perdebatan sejak awal kekristenan. Subjek perdebatannya adalah apakah penjahat yang disalib bersama Yesus itu langsung masuk surga pada hari itu juga atau hanya merupakan sebuah janji Yesus bahwa pada dia akan masuk surga di masa yang akan datang. Perdebatan ini muncul oleh karena manuskrip Perjanjian Baru dalam bahasa Yunani kuno tidak memiliki tanda-tanda baca sehingga secara tata bahasa dan sintaks memberikan beberapa alternatif penerjemahan dan penafsiran. Dalam studi ini diberikan suatu solusi dengan melihat pemakaian kata keterangan sÄ“meron dengan kata penghubung hoti sehubungan dengan tata bahasa dan sintaks oleh Lukas yang menunjukkan kecenderungan tertentu. Selain itu, secara kontekstual menunjukkan bahwa penjahat tidak pergi ke surga pada hari penyaliban Yesus. Demikian juga studi intertekstualitas dari kata paradeiso menunjukkan bahwa surga adalah tempat tinggal Allah. Firdaus ini mengacu pada tempat tinggal masa depan umat Tuhan. Ini adalah gambaran tentang tempat yang ideal dalam kondisi terbaiknya dan realitas spiritual yang terbaik yaitu suatu taman kebahagiaan moral dan spiritual bagi umat Tuhan yang telah ditebus.

Author Biography

Zainal Sibagariang, Sekolah Tinggi Filsafat Theologi S Nusantara

Dosen

References

Balz, Horst Robert and Gerhard Schneider, Exegetical Dictionary of the New Testament, Translation of: Exegetisches Worterbuch Zum Neuen Testament. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1993.

Barton , John, and John Muddiman, Oxford Bible Commentary. New York: Oxford Uni-versity Press, 2001.

Bible work 9 program.

Barton, George A. A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Book of Ecclesiastes. New York: Scribner, 1908.

Beitzel, Barry J. and Elwell, Walter A. Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible, Map on Lining Papers. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Book House, 1988.

Bergant, Dianne and Robert J. Karris, The Collegeville Bible Commentary : Based on the New American Bible With Revised New Testament, Previously Published in 36 Separate Booklets. Collegeville, Minn.: Liturgical Press, 1989.

Black, Mark C. Luke, College Press NIV commentary. Joplin, Mo.: College Press Pub., 1996.

Blass F., and A. Debrunner, A Greek Grammar of the New Testament and Other early Christian Literature, trans. and ed. Robert W. Funk. Chicago: University of Chi-cago Press, 1961.

Bock, Darrell L. Luke Volume 2: 9:51-24:53, Baker exegetical commentary on the New Testament. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Books, 1996.

Bovon, François, and Helmut Koester, Luke 1 : A Commentary on the Gospel of Luke 1:1-9:50. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2002.

Bromiley, Geoffrey W. The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised. Wm. B. Eerdmans, 1988.

Bruce Manning Metzger and United Bible Societies, A Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament, Second Edition a Companion Volume to the United Bible Socie-ties' Greek New Testament (4th Rev. Ed.) London; New York: United Bible So-cieties, 1994.

Bullinger, E. W. How to Enjoy the Bible, 5th ed. London: Eyre & Spottiswoode, 1921.

Bullinger, E.W. A Critical lexicon and Concordance to the English and Greek New Tes-tament. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1976.

Burkitt, F. C., The Curetonian Syriac Gospels, Vol. I. Cambridge, UK: University Press, 1904.

Clarke, Adam. Clarke's Commentary: Ecclesiastes, electronic ed., Logos Library System; Clarke's Commentaries. Albany, OR: Ages Software, 1999.

Cotterell, Peter. “Semantic, Interpretation, and theology,†New International Dictionary of Old Testament Theology and Exegesis (NIDOTTE), ed. William A. VanGere-men. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1997.

Elwell, Walter A. Elwell, Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, electronic ed., Baker reference library; Logos Library System. Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1997.

Freedman, David Noel. The Anchor Bible Dictionary. New York: Doubleday, 1996.

Godet, FreÌdeÌric Louis, Edward William Shalders and M. D. Cusin, A Commentary on the Gospel of St. Luke. New York: I. K. Funk & co., 1881.

Harris, R. Laird, Robert Laird Harris, Gleason Leonard Archer and Bruce K. Waltke, Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament, electronic ed. Chicago: Moody Press, 1999.

Henry, Matthew. Matthew Henry's Commentary on the Whole Bible : Complete and Un-abridged in One Volume. Peabody: Hendrickson, 1996.

Hodge, C. Systematic Theology, III. Grand Rapids, MI: Christian Classics Ethereal Li-brary.

Horn, Siegfried H. Seventh-day Adventist Bible Dictionary., Revised edition., Commen-tary Reference Series. Washington, D.C.: Review and Herald Publishing Associa-tion, 1979.

James, Robert The Gospel According to Luke, Study Guide Commentary Series. Marshall, Texas: Bible Lessons International, 2004.

Jamieson, Robert, A. R. Fausset, A. R. Fausset et al., A Commentary, Critical and Expla-natory, on the Old and New Testaments, On Spine: Critical and Explanatory Commentary. Oak Harbor, WA: Logos Research Systems, Inc., 1997.

John Bond, The Gospel According to St. Luke. London: Macmillan, 1890.

Knowles, Andrew. The Bible Guide, Includes Index., 1st Augsburg books ed. Minneapo-lis, MN: Augsburg, 2001.

Lewis, G.R. The Zondervan Pictorial Encyclopedia of the Bible. Grand Rapids, MI: Zon-dervan Publishing House, 1977.

Long, Fredrick J. Kairos: A Beginning Greek Grammar. Mishawaka, IN.: Fredrick J. Long, 2005.

MacArthur, John Jr. The MacArthur Study Bible, electronic ed. Nashville: Word Pub., 1997.

MacDonald, William and Arthur Farstad, Believer's Bible Commentary : Old and New Testaments. Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1997.

Marshall, I. Howard. The Gospel of Luke : A Commentary on the Greek Text, Includes Indexes., The New international Greek testament commentary. Paternoster Press, 1978.

Matthews, Victor Harold, Mark W. Chavalas and John H. Walton, The IVP Bible Back-ground Commentary : Old Testament, electronic ed., Downers Grove, IL: Inter-Varsity Press, 2000.

Myers, Allen C. The Eerdmans Bible Dictionary, Rev., Augm. Translation of: Bijbelse Encyclopedie. Rev. Ed. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1987.

Metzger, Bruce Manning and United Bible Societies, A Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament, Second Edition a Companion Volume to the United Bible Societies' Greek New Testament (4th Rev. Ed.) London; New York: United Bible Societies, 1994.

McGee, J. Vernon. vol. 37, Thru the Bible Commentary: The Gospels (Luke), electronic ed., Thru the Bible commentary. Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1991.

Nichol, Francis D. The Seventh-day Adventist Bible Commentary, Volume 5. Review and Herald Publishing Association, 1978.

Nolland, John. vol. 35A, Word Biblical Commentary : Luke 1:1-9:20, Word Biblical Commentary. Dallas: Word, Incorporated, 2002.

Orr, James M.A., D.D., The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia : 1915 Edition, ed. James Orr. Albany, OR: Ages Software, 1999.

Patrologia Graeca, Vol. 123. http://books.google.com.ph/books?id= 7L4UAAAAQAAJ &printsec= frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false.

Pfeiffer, Charles F. Howard Frederic Vos and John Rea, The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia. Moody Press, 1975.

Plummer, Alfred. A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Gospel According to S. Luke. London: T&T Clark International, 1896.

Prange, Victor H. Luke, The People's Bible. Milwaukee, Wis.: Northwestern Pub. House, 1988.

Robertson, A.T. A Grammar of the Greek New Testament in the Light of Historical Re-search. Logos, 1919; 2006.

Robertson, A.T. Word Pictures in the New Testament, Vol.V c1932, Vol.VI c1933 by Sunday School Board of the Southern Baptist Convention. Oak Harbor: Logos Research Systems, 1997.

Ryken, Leland, Jim Wilhoit, Tremper Longman et al., Dictionary of Biblical Imagery, electronic ed., Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2000.

Stein, Robert H. vol. 24, Luke, electronic ed., Logos Library System; The New American Commentary. Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 2001.

St Ephrem the Syrian, Hymn on Paradise, Hymn VIII. 11. trans. Sebastian Brook (Cresswood, NY: St. Vladimir Seminary Press, 1990.

Tischendorf, Novum Testamentum Graece, editio octava critica maior, Vol. I, Leipzig. http://www.archive.org/stream/novumtestamentu01greggoog#page/n598/mode/

Vine, W.E. and F.F. Bruce, Vine's Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words. Old Tappan NJ: Revell, 1981.

Wallace, Daniel B. Greek Grammar Beyond the Basics - Exegetical Syntax of the New Testament. Zondervan Publishing House and Galaxie Software, 2002.

Walvoord, John., Roy B. Zuck and Dallas Theological Seminary, The Bible Knowledge Commentary : An Exposition of the Scriptures. Wheaton, IL: Victor Books, 1983.

Wiersbe, Warren W. The Bible Exposition Commentary, "An Exposition of the New Tes-tament Comprising the Entire 'BE' Series"--Jkt. Wheaton, Ill.: Victor Books, 1996.

Wilcock, Michael. The Savior of the World : The Message of Luke's Gospel. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity Press, 1979.

Willmington, H. L. Willmington's Bible Handbook. Wheaton, Ill.: Tyndale House Pub-lishers, 1997.

Willamson, H. G. M. Word Biblical Commentary, vol. 16: Ezra-Nehemiah, Word Biblical Commentary. Dallas: Word, Incorporated, 2002.

Downloads

Published

2021-09-10

Issue

Section

Articles